Barnum's American Museum

Event Information

Barnum's American Museum [JAN 1842-JUL 1865]

Price: $.25; $.15 children under 10

Event Type:
Play With Music, Variety / Vaudeville

Record Information


Last Updated:
29 July 2014

Performance Date(s) and Time(s)

07 Dec 1863, All Day
08 Dec 1863, All Day
09 Dec 1863, All Day
10 Dec 1863, All Day
11 Dec 1863, All Day
12 Dec 1863, All Day

Program Details

Every day 3 p.m. and 7:30 p.m.

Christmas Eve; or, The duel in the snow (drama) includes “the ghost” illusion.

Performers and/or Works Performed

aka Duel in the snow
Text Author: Fitzball


Advertisement: New-York Times, 05 December 1863, 9.
“Tom Taylor’s Great Drama, The Ticket of Leave Man, which has been in course of preparation the last three months, and which be brought out next MONDAY, with a splendid cast, new scenery, music, properties, and every appointment to secure the most triumphant success.”
COMMENT: The production is postponed.
Advertisement: New York Herald, 06 December 1863.
Announcement: New York Post, 07 December 1863, 3.
“Barnum announces the first appearance of Herr Zirom to-day, with wonderful playing upon his ‘Emmelynka’; also, another musical entertainment by an automaton group, and the drama of ‘A Duel in the Snow.’  It was intended to bring out ‘The Ticket-of-Leave Man,’ but unforeseen obstacles prevented.”
Advertisement: New York Sun, 07 December 1863.
 “The manager has just engaged the most extraordinary musical novelties ever seen by mortal eyes, or heard with mortal ears.  They are KELLY’S AUTOMATON MUSICAL TROUPE, consisting of six figures, size of life, playing upon SIX MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, NOVEL PIANOS OR HARPERIANS, producing the most beautiful music, equal to a whole orchestra of living performers.  This wonderful musical invention, which trills the soul like THE MUSIC OF THE SPHERES, is the fruit of years of labor, and of over $15,000 expense, and now the public can hear its wonderful performance at any and every hour, day and evening, for the trifling sum of 25 cents.  Another most wonderful melodious novelty is HERR ZIROM, from the principal concert-rooms of London, Paris, Berlin, &c., who produces the most exquisite and thrilling music on a simple little instruments, only four inches long, which he calls the EMMELYNKA commonly known as the MOUTH HARMONICA.  He will perform parts of the most difficult operas, and other pieces, giving the richest strains the most heavenly notes, carrying his audience with him as if charmed by some heavenly power.  He appears at each dramatic performance, every afternoon and evening.”
Announcement: New-York Times, 07 December 1863, 5.
 “At Barnum’s Museum . . . Herr Zirom, a performer on a new musical instrument called the ‘Emmelynka.’”
Advertisement: New-Yorker Staats-Zeitung und Herold, 07 December 1863.

Announcement: New-Yorker Staats-Zeitung und Herold, 09 December 1863, 8.

 “Mr. Barnum has again enriched his museum with most interesting marvels: Kelly’s automatic orchestra has been playing the most beautiful pieces in the museum since Monday.  This orchestra consists of six life-size figures playing six musical instruments.  The whole museum seems to be outfitted with musical wonders.  With his emmelynka and mouth-harmonicas, Mr. Zirom delights us so well that in addition, at various hours of the day, he plays the so-called harperion, an instrument which takes the place of a whole orchestra.”

Advertisement: New-York Times, 10 December 1863, 9.